Your Backyard Bait Shop

Spring showers bring us the bounty of “Driveway Worms”. It is a convenient opportunity to collect free, natural baits. Sizes will vary widely. Small worms can be used as bait for catching bait, or ultralight applications. Full-sized nightcrawlers can be used for a number of different gamefish from walleye to catfish.

What is the toothpick for?
Slip the toothpick under the midpoint of the worm to lift them. It’s a lot easier than trying to pinch them off the pavement with your finger tips. The smaller the worm; the more you will appreciate the toothpick method.
You can cover the worms with loose soil or commercial worm bedding. Lately I’ve successfully used damp leaves. I have not found a lid to be necessary, When stored out of sunlight, directly on a cool garage floor, and covered with leaves; the worms stay put on the bottom of the container and last for weeks.
Check on the leaves periodically. When they feel dry, replace them with a fresh covering damp leaves. Otherwise, your worms will turn into a wad of something between half cooked pasta and beef jerky.

Small worms can also be used to feed residents of the home aquarium.


Double Your Pleasure with Hickory Shad

What could be more fun than catching a hard fighting, high jumping gamefish on light tackle? Well, catching them two at a time would, of course. While hickory shad are not the biggest fish out there, their vigor, cooperative spirit, and sheer numbers make them fan favorites. Hickories provide spring fun for anglers in coastal rivers up and down the eastern states, and tandem rigging makes it even better.

An anadromous species, the hickory shad spend the majority of their life in saltwater. They migrate into freshwater rivers only to spawn. Those that survive return to the salt shortly thereafter. We fishermen most often intercept them at or near their spawning grounds.

A brace of hickory shad taken on a tandem rig,

Tandem rigs are the name of the game for hickories. This my current tandem rig. Start with a Perfection Loop or other reliable loop knot at the end of your line or leader. Then about a foot or two above that tie in a Dropper Loop. Using two loop knots allows me to easily add, replace, or remove lures as the fishing conditions dictate.

One more note about rigging: if you are using a landing net, don’t make the separation between loops greater than your net’s hoop diameter.  I figured this out the other day when we had about 30 inches between lures and only 18 inches of net. If we netted the top fish, the bottom fish had an extra foot of leader to evade the net. We had to lift the top fish out of the water, net the bottom fish, then lower the top fish into the net – not very elegant. A quick snip off the end of the leader and a new Perfection Loop corrected that.

Rigged gold Shad King and custom green shad dart at top. Flicker, Kastmaster, silver Shad King, Len Thompson No. 6, 1″ curly tail grub, custom pink shad dart, Roadrunner with 2″ curly tail below.

Shad darts, small curly tails, Kastmasters, and many other diminutive jigs and spoons are good choices for hickory shad. You can vary the lure style, color, or weight depending on the conditions. Wind, water clarity, current speed, depth, and personal preference all play a factor.

Spoons are best placed only in the bottom position. The wobble and spin of a spoon is restricted at the upper position and can also cause some tangles. Jig type lures perform well in either position. My usual lure offering is a shad dart at the top position and a small Shad King spoon at the bottom position.

The shad run begins in the south and continues roughly, sequentially northward. Now may be the time for tandem rigging shad on your home waters.

This little rockfish grabbed the shad dart at the top of my tandem rig. Bass, pickerel, crappie, perch, sunfish and other species will find a shad rig appealing too.


Like the first robins of spring, stocking trucks and the nets full of trout are harbingers of greener pastures. That is true both literally and figuratively. How ’bout that?

A colorful male “broodstock” rainbow trout.

Wordplay aside, grab your Len Thompsons , or whatever your “go to” trout lures may be, and take advantage of these hatchery enhanced fisheries.

What run of the mill stockers may lack in size, they make up for in fight and eagerness to bite.

In my early years, April meant trout season. Then for many years I wouldn’t be caught dead near trout water in April. In fact, I looked forward to April as a decoy to draw people away from the non-trout waters.

From hand size to…

Recently, I’ve come full circle. I look forward to fishing stocked trout waters like it’s some kind of manmade spawning run. The action is fast, the size can be great, and for those inclined, it offers some guilt free harvest opportunities.

…two hands plus, stocked trout add a surge of variety and excitement to spring fishing.

Stockers, stockies, planters, hatchery trout; call them what you will, they provide great spring action for those that partake.